Syllabus

Course Syllabus

7th Grade Social Studies & Science

2017-2018

Norwayne Middle School

School phone: (919) 242-3414

Course Description:

Science-

Traditional laboratory experiences provide opportunities to demonstrate how science is constant, historic, probabilistic, and replicable. Although there are no fixed steps that all scientists follow, scientific investigations usually involve collections of relevant evidence, the use of logical reasoning, the application of imagination to devise hypotheses, and explanations to make sense of collected evidence. Student engagement in scientific investigation provides background for understanding the nature of scientific inquiry. In addition, the science process skills necessary for inquiry are acquired through active experience. The process skills support development of reasoning and problem-solving ability and are the core of scientific methodologies.

Objectives to be taught:

7.E.1  Understand how the cycling of matter (water and gases) in and out of the atmosphere relates to Earth’s atmosphere, weather and climate and the effects of the atmosphere on humans.

E.1.1 Compare the composition, properties and structure of Earth’s atmosphere to include: mixtures of gases and differences in temperature and pressure within layers.

E.1.2 Explain how the cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere and atmospheric conditions relate to the weather patterns on Earth.

E.1.3 Explain the relationship between the movements of air masses; high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries to storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes) and other weather conditions that may result.

E.1.4 Predict weather conditions and patterns based on information obtained from:

• Weather data collected from direct observations and measurement (wind speed and direction, air temperature, humidity and air pressure)

• Weather maps, satellites and radar

• Cloud shapes and types and associated elevation

E.1.5 Explain the influence of convection, global winds and the jet stream on weather and climatic conditions.

E.1.6 Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the atmosphere, maintaining air quality and stewardship.


7.L.1 Understand the processes, structures and functions of living organisms that enable them to survive, reproduce and carry out the basic functions of life.

7. L.2: Understand the relationship of the mechanisms of cellular reproduction, patterns of inheritance and external factors to potential variation and survival among offspring.

L.1.1 Compare the structures and life functions of single-celled organisms that carry out all of the basic functions of life including: • Euglena  • Amoeba  • Paramecium  • Volvox

L.1.2  Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells, including major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles).

L.2.1  Explain why offspring that result from sexual reproduction (fertilization and meiosis) have greater variation than offspring that result from asexual reproduction (budding and mitosis).

L.2.2  Infer patterns of heredity using information from Punnett squares and pedigree analysis.

L.2.3 Explain the impact of the environment and lifestyle choices on the biological inheritance (to include common genetic diseases) and survival.


7.L.1 Understand the processes, structures and functions of living organisms that enable them to survive, reproduce and carry out the basic functions of life.

L.1.3 Summarize the hierarchical organization of multi-cellular organisms from cells to tissues to organs to systems to organisms.

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Muscular/Skeletal system

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Digestive system

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Excretion: Respiratory system, Urinary system, Skin, Digestive system

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Circulatory system

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Immune system

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Nervous system

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Endocrine system and Reproductive system

L.1.4 Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.

Regulation/Homeostasis: nervous system, endocrine system


7.P.1  Understand motion, the effects of forces on motion and the graphical representations of motion.

7.P.2 Understand forms of energy, energy transfer and transformation and conservation in mechanical systems.

P.1.1 Explain how the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed with respect to some other object.

P.1.2 Explain the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces acting on an object (including friction, gravity and magnets).

P.1.3  Illustrate the motion of an object using a graph to show a change in position over a period of time.

P.1.4 Interpret distance versus time graphs for constant speed and variable motion.

P.2.3 Recognize that energy can be transferred from one system to another when two objects push or pull on each other over a distance (work) and electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass.

P.2.4 Explain how simple machines such as inclined planes, pulleys, levers and wheel and axles are used to create mechanical advantage and increase efficiency.

P.2.1 Explain how kinetic and potential energy contribute to the mechanical energy of an object.

P.2.2 Explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another (specifically potential energy and kinetic energy) using a model or diagram of a moving object (roller coaster, pendulum, or cars on ramps as examples).


Social Studies

Grade 7 Overview:

Students in seventh grade will continue to expand upon the knowledge, skills and understanding acquired in the sixth grade examination of early civilizations. Seventh graders study the world from the Age of Exploration to contemporary times in order to understand the implications of increased global interactions. The focus will remain on the discipline of geography by using the themes of location, place, movement, human-environmental interaction and region to understand modern societies and regions. This course will guide students through patterns of change and continuity with a focus on conflict and cooperation, economic development, population shifts, political thought and organization, cultural values and beliefs and the impact of environment over time. Through an investigation of the various factors that shaped the development of societies and regions in the modern world and global interactions, students will examine both similarities and differences. A conscious effort should be made to include an integrated study of various societies and regions from every continent (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Australia).

Objectives to be taught:

7.H.1 Use historical thinking to analyze various modern societies.

H.1.1 Construct charts, graphs, and historical narratives to explain particular events or issues over time.

H.1.2 Summarize the literal meaning of historical documents in order to establish context.

H.1.3 Use primary and secondary sources to interpret various historical perspectives.


7.H.2 Understand the implications of global interactions.

H.2.1 Analyze the effects of social, economic, military and political conflict among nations, regions, and groups (e.g. war, genocide, imperialism and colonization).

H.2.2 Evaluate the effectiveness of cooperative efforts and consensus building among nations, regions, and groups (e.g. Humanitarian efforts, United Nations, World Health Organization, Non Governmental Organizations, European Union and Organization of American States).

7.H.2.3 Explain how increased global interaction accelerates the pace of innovation in modern societies (e.g. advancements in transportation, communication networks and business practices).

7.H.2.4 Analyze the economic, political, and social impacts of disease (e.g. smallpox, malaria, bubonic plague, AIDS and avian flu) in modern societies.


Geography and Environmental Literacy Essential Standard:

7.G.1 Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions.

G.1.1 Explain how environmental conditions and human response to those conditions influence modern societies and regions (e.g. natural barriers, scarcity of resources and factors that influence settlement).

G.1.2 Explain how demographic trends (e.g. population growth and decline, push/pull factors and urbanization) lead to conflict, negotiation, and compromise in modern societies and regions.

G.1.3 Explain how natural disasters (e.g. flooding, earthquakes, monsoons and tsunamis), preservation efforts and human modification of the environment (e.g. recycling, planting trees, deforestation, pollution, irrigation systems and climate change)affect modern societies and regions.


7.G.2 Apply the tools of a geographer to understand modern societies and regions.

2.1 Construct maps, charts, and graphs to explain data about geographic phenomena (e.g. migration patterns and population and resource distribution patterns).

7.G.2.2 Use maps, charts, graphs, geographic data and available technology tools (i.e. GPS and GIS software) to interpret and draw conclusions about social, economic, and environmental issues in modern societies and regions.

7.E.1 Understand the economic activities of modern societies and regions.

E.1.1 Explain how competition for resources affects the economic relationship among nations (e.g. colonialism, imperialism, globalization and interdependence).

E.1.2 Explain the implications of economic decisions in national and international affairs (e.g. OPEC, NAFTA, G20, WTO, EU and economic alliances).

E.1.3 Summarize the main characteristics of various economic systems (e.g. capitalism, socialism, communism; market, mixed, command and traditional economies).

E.1.4 Explain how personal financial decision-making impacts quality of life (e.g. credit, savings, investing, borrowing and giving).


7.C&G.1 Understand the development of government in modern societies and regions.

C&G.1.1 Summarize the ideas that have shaped political thought in various societies and regions (e.g. Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution, democracy, communism and socialism).

C&G.1.2 Evaluate how the Western concept of democracy has influenced the political ideas of modern societies

C&G.1.3 Compare the requirements for (e.g. age. gender, legal and economic status) and responsibilities of citizenship under various governments in modern societies (e.g. voting, taxes and military service).


C&G.1.4 Compare the sources of power and governmental authority in various societies (e.g. monarchs, dictators, elected officials, antigovernmental groups and religious, political factions).

C.1 Understand how cultural values influence relationships between individuals, groups and political entities in modern societies and regions.

C.1.1 Explain how culture unites and divides modern societies and regions (e.g. enslavement of various peoples, caste system, religious conflict and Social Darwinism). Grading Scale: A = 90-100 B = 80-89 C = 70-79 D = 60-69 F = 59 and below Your grade is figured by these percentages: Classwork/Quizzes/Homework = 50% Tests/Projects = 50%